A statement on The Beatles website announced Freeman’s death on Friday, but did not give a cause.
The former photojournalist shot the black-and-white cover for the 1963 album With The Beatles, picturing the Fab Four’s faces in part-shadow. He also photographed the covers of Beatles For Sale, Help! and Rubber Soul.
Sir Paul McCartney said Freeman was “imaginative and a true original thinker”.
He said in a blog post that Freeman “was one of our favourite photographers during the Beatles years who came up with some of our most iconic album covers”.
Sir Ringo Starr tweeted: “God bless Robert Freeman peace and love to all his family.”